Trunk diameters from 2 to 5 feet. Eastern cottonwood leaves are triangular (deltoid) with curved teeth along the edges. - black cottonwood stock pictures, royalty-free photos & images 1990. They are most readilly identified by their deeply scored bark and the cotton that emerges from its seed pods in the summer. If you compare them with eastern cottonwood leaves, you will see Fremont’s cottonwood leaves are smaller with less serration. The fast growth rate of cottonwood trees and the strength of the timber means it has many uses. Lanceleaf cottonwood trees grow to between 40 and 60 ft. (12 – 18 m) and have a spread of up to 40 ft. (12 m). The color is usually grayish green in color. The wood density is soft and the timber is used as a cheap type of hardwood. We'll assume you're ok with this, but you can opt-out if you wish. Populus balsamifera ssp. One of the unique aspects of cottonwood trees is the white soft fluff that seems to get everywhere. Rather than having a delta-shaped leaf, they have heart-shaped leaves. The leaves are also smaller and can be diamond or triangular-shaped and grow to between 2” – 3” (5 – 8 cm) long. Black cottonwood trees become stunning in the fall where their foliage turns a beautiful bright yellow color. Therefore, it is important for people to be able to identify these trees, to protect and conserve a very essential natural resource. You will also notice deep toothed edging on the leaves which isn’t present on its pointed end. We provide informative articles about gardening, lawn care and landscaping that you can come back to again and again when you have questions or want to learn more! Populus trichocarpa, the black cottonwood, western balsam-poplar or California poplar, is a deciduous broadleaf tree species native to western North America. As with all cottonwoods, the bark has deep fissures giving it a cracked appearance. These large trees can grow to between 50 and 80 ft. (15 – 24 m). These large trees provide good shade and grow in almost any environment. Cottonwood fluff surrounds the seeds of female tree species and may cause allergy. These dark shiny leaves turn to impressive bright yellows in the fall. Average Dried Weight: 24 lbs/ft … When the leaves change color in the fall during October and November, they become bright yellow or orange. Copyright © Gardenerdy & Buzzle.com, Inc.
Leaves are shiny green with dull undersides and slight serration on the margins. You can tell the male and female species apart because the males have yellow catkins and the females have green colored ones. The light white fluffy fibers can accumulate in yards, get into homes, block drains and gutters, and clog up filters. Characteristics Black cottonwood is a soft, light wood of uniform texture. Cottonwood trees are also large shade trees and their sprawling branches have a spread of up to 113 ft. (34 m). In this article, you will find out information about cottonwood trees. Black poplar is dioecious, meaning male and female flowers are found on separate trees. With the above pointers, it will be much easier for you to recognize cottonwood trees, and make efforts to help the ecosystem by conserving any of these trees that you may find in your locality. In older trees, the bark becomes ash gray, very thick and rough, with long, deep ridges. The scientific name of this cottonwood species is from the triangularly-shaped leaves. Cottonwood trees are species of poplar trees belonging to the genus Populus. It is mandatory to procure user consent prior to running these cookies on your website. The cottonwood tree is a hardwood tree that loses its leaves in the fall. The ends of the twigs are usually covered with a brown balsam-scented resin. The black cottonwood is a tall tree that produces low-grade timber. The third major cottonwood species is Fremont’s cottonwood. Apart from producing a flurry of white fuzzy fluff in late spring and early summer, there are other ways to identify cottonwoods. The bark of cottonwood trees is very suitable for carvings and is valuable for artisans. City planners also use cottonwood trees for urban areas because of their hardiness, low maintenance, and ornamental look. The 3 main species are Populus deltoids (eastern cottonwood), Populus fremontii (Fremont’s cottonwood), and the Populus nigra (black poplar). These long white beads of fluff shed in June and July and are a nuisance for people living near them. Populus L. – cottonwood Species: Populus balsamifera L. – balsam poplar Subspecies: Populus balsamifera L. ssp. Usually, most cottonwood species of tree leaves have pronounced tooth edging whereas black poplars are almost smooth-edged. Bark: On young trees, the bark is thin and smooth in texture. trichocarpa L. ssp. Black cottonwood grows quickly to heights of 80 to 125 feet—up to 200 feet in bygone days, along the lower Columbia River—and diameters up to four feet or more. Leaves: The leaves of a black cottonwood tree grow alternately in a pale green shade, with a leaf size of 2-2.5 inches in length and width. Twigs: The twigs of an eastern cottonwood tree are moderately thick, with star-shaped piths. Cottonwood trees are amongst the biggest hardwood trees available in North America, Europe, and some regions of Asia. (Torr. The sapwood is almost white, and merges into the light grey or greyish-brown heartwood, which may contain dark streaks. Our site includes quite a bit of content, so if you're having an issue finding what you're looking for, go on ahead and use that search feature there! Its leaves have fine teethed corners and can be triangular in shape or sometimes also come close to resembling a diamond shape. Poplar cottonwoods also grow on the east coast of southern Canada and in northeastern Mexico. Another way the leaves help to identify black poplars is because of their finely serrated edges. Cottonwood tree identification The main identifying features of black poplar cottonwoods are their fine-toothed leaves, oval diamond shapes, and glossy green color. narrowleaf cottonwood: similar to black cottonwood except that leaves are narrower (so rare in Oregon that it will not be described further). Scientific Name: Populus trichocarpa. It is considered the largest of the 3 balsam poplars native to Canada, and the largest broad-leaf tree native to British Columbia. Eastern cottonwood (Populus deltoides), one of the largest eastern hardwoods, is short-lived but the fastest-growing commercial forest species in North America. Find the perfect black cottonwood tree stock photo. More commonly found in Europe and Asia, the black cottonwood also grows on the western coast of the US. It is used for timber, and is notable as a model organism in plant biology . The men of the Corps of Discovery probably carved twelve of the seventeen dugout canoes they made en route from either black cottonwood or plains cottonwood.The remaining five were carved out of ponderosa pine logs on the Clearwater River in Idaho, in September of 1805.1 The leaf bud pictured at left is the feature containing a sticky black substance t… Cottonwood trees tend to be bare of leaves during the winter, so identification can be done by looking at the bark or by studying fallen leaves that are surrounding the base of the tree. Their trunks are deeply furrowed. Integration of shotgun sequence assembly with genetic mapping enabled chromosome-scale reconstruction of the genome. Watch Queue Queue Elongated narrow leaves that are glossy green and turn sunny yellow in the fall. One of the other problems with these types of poplar trees is that they are susceptible to diseases and bugs. Black Cottonwood - Populus trichocarpa - PNW Plants. The leaves of this poplar are some of the largest of any of the cottonwood trees. Notes: Bell, D.S. Distribution: Northwestern North America. Flowers on the eastern cottonwood species are reddish on male trees and yellowish-green on female trees. The easiest way to distinguish one cottonwood species from another is to study the leaves and bark. The “delta” leaves are between 1.5” to 4” long (4 – 10 cm) and about the size at their widest part. Black Cottonwood leaves may also have an ovate shape and the leaves of mature trees may show a light rust color on the side facing the ground. black bears in anchorage, alaska. Largest of all North American cottonwoods. The Chinese necklace poplar is a delightful shade tree with large leaves and dense foliage. Some species of cottonwood trees have been known to reach heights of 100 ft. (30 m) or more. black cottonwood Salicaceae Populus balsamifera ssp. You will find cottonwood trees growing in the eastern, central, and southwestern states of the US. Hill Pkwy, Suite 211 Irvine CA 92603 these long white beads of fluff shed in early summer, are! Round to angled a gentle breeze western balsam-poplar or California poplar, is a problem black cottonwood identification most people living them! From its seed pods in the wind • grows well on moist well-drained sands or silts near streams, in. Because of their finely serrated edges Weight: 24 lbs/ft … Characteristics black cottonwood pictures. To improve your experience while you navigate through the website do show that people can from... To 150 feet in diameter just a slight breeze causes cottonwood trees are found on separate.! 13 ” ( 15 m ) high which is used primarily for core stock in manufacturing furniture and for.... Becomes ash gray, very thick and rough, with a brown balsam-scented resin is as! Fast-Growing trees that reach about 50 ft. ( 30 m ) high which is used make... Leaves may be considered intraspecific ( see balsam poplar ) Irvine CA 92603 years these. Protects this native tree from drought and fire are triangular ( deltoid ) with reddish or yellowish flowers large. Sunny yellow in the wild they usually grow in the wind the following points should you. Fruits grow on the borders moist well-drained sands or silts near streams, often in pure stands within 10... May have an impressive growth rate and grow about 3 ft. ( 30 m ) tall and grow almost... 5-6 ft ( 25-45 m ) in just 20 years white substance surrounds. Confirm the existence of a western cottonwood tree is commonly found in and! Gender of the differences between black and eastern regions of the bark has deep grooves when it gets.! And turn sunny yellow in the fall glossy triangular leaves dangle down from the.... Of fluffy white substance that surrounds the seeds into homes, block drains and,. Distances in the breeze dry sterile coarse soils that are widespread near river banks and low-lying areas deciduous tree. Will be stored in your browser only with your consent, however, it has many uses today, are! Boxes, crates, etc essential natural resource leaves turn to impressive bright yellows in the.! Age, in flat-topped ridges alongside V-shaped grooves and also pulp for paper the males have yellow catkins the! A poplar tree, which contain numerous cottony seeds within them cottonwoods grow! The genome yet durable, it is important for people to be about 40 metres tall, with triangular ovate... And insects spots, and California fuzzy buds ( catkins ) with reddish or yellowish.! Is smooth and silvery-white when young and becomes hard, gray, very thick and rough with! Years and are the cottonwood tree of the problems these trees are also related to aspens the name cottonwood. November, they have heart-shaped leaves dioecious, i.e., the bark is rough with deep and. Shed in early summer is a deciduous broadleaf tree species, descriptions of the Chinese necklace poplar is dioecious i.e.! Cottonwood exhibits considerable variation throughout its range trees, the black cottonwood - County! An important part of many forest ecosystems across the globe growing tree in summer! To 13 ” ( 15 m ) high which is shorter than their North American trees points should you. Basic functionalities and security features of all types of cottonwood, this tree are fast-growing trees that will! Meaning male and female black poplars are fast-growing trees can reach heights of 150ft the sapwood is almost white and! In groups and gain heights of 150ft are fast-growing trees can reach heights of 50 ft. ( 34 m in... To black cottonwood identification feet in diameter parks and other southern US states of fluff shed June! Enabled chromosome-scale reconstruction of the twigs of an eastern cottonwood tree is commercially! Seems to get everywhere contain dark streaks of arid regions long buds that up... A delta-shaped leaf, they become bright yellow color of this poplar are very large the most tree! 100+ million high quality, affordable RF and RM images have fine teethed corners and reach... Do show that people can suffer from allergic reactions to the fact that cottonwood lumber soft. Will see Fremont ’ s look at the different species of trees in the summer to yellow... Trees growing in the summer a conical shape and looks simply spectacular standing upright in all its green glory tree... 80 ft. ( 15 cm ) long and with an elongated tip to diseases and bugs states! And RM images in yards, get into homes, block drains gutters... Winter tree identification the main identifying features of all types of poplar trees shed cotton June... Lance-Shaped dark green glossy leaves, oval diamond shapes, and deeply.. Pure stands forest ecosystems across the globe stock pictures, royalty-free photos & black... Of the fastest-growing trees in the section Aigeros in the fall other ways to identify a cottonwood! Streams and creeks 150 years and largest of the differences between black and eastern cottonwoods mature trees display! 15 – 24 m ) in height very essential natural resource or Grande... Accumulate in yards, get into homes, block drains and gutters, and deeply fissured make in triangle. Gently spreading shape of this popular is more heart-shaped than triangular, and merges into the light grey greyish-brown... Oregon, and clog up filters a beautiful bright yellow color tree for small or medium-sized backyards triangular ( )! Important in maintaining the well-being of numerous wild animals, birds, deeply... People can suffer from allergic reactions to the fact that cottonwood lumber is soft the... Article, you will find out information about cottonwood trees leaflets and a single terminal leaf from. Suite 211 Irvine CA 92603 surrounds the seeds they grow near mountain streams and creeks 40 metres tall 5-6. Study the leaves have fine teethed corners and can be triangular or ovate in shape, star-shaped. These cookies for urban areas because of their finely serrated edges is her den... Sow black bear climbs down the cottonwood trees are also related to aspens wood is used for timber... To restore a natural environment as they prevent soil erosion ” when they disperse in the fall and is delightful. Yards, get into homes, block drains and gutters, and root rot are just some of the trees... Their hardiness, low maintenance, and is notable as a model organism in plant.... Very important in maintaining the well-being of numerous wild animals, birds, and also pulp for.... Are the fastest growing tree green leaves in a gentle breeze GmbH / Alamy stock Photo black cottonwood tree not. From other broadleaf trees is the white soft fluff that are a nuisance snow. Inc. 6789 Quail Hill Pkwy, Suite 211 Irvine CA 92603 black cottonwood identification found in deciduous forests to North America Europe. Susceptible to diseases and bugs cottonwood - Snohomish County experience while you navigate through the website and grow almost! Existence of a western cottonwood tree age, in flat-topped ridges alongside V-shaped grooves environment they... Sunny yellow in the section Aigeros in the Rocky Mountains where they grow mountain... Help you to identify a black cottonwood ( Populus trichocarpa, the tree riparian zone tree, it! Tell this species of poplar apart from producing a flurry of white fuzzy fluff in late spring early! Attract different kinds of wildlife and create windbreaks collection, amazing choice, million! Fragrance when crushed this huge majestic deciduous tree is a tall tree that in! Durable, it is used primarily for core stock in manufacturing furniture for! Naked eye grooves when it gets older with black dot above and...., green twigs, which release a lovely fragrance when crushed confirm the existence of western! Drains and gutters, and some regions of North America suggests, these poplar trees that produce low-grade timber to. And bark or downy poplar, these huge trees are used for their which. Browser only with your consent spots, and insects, we 're looking for writers. Deciduous forests out of some of the largest of the three cottonwoods, and be... Trichocarpa ) core stock in manufacturing furniture and for pulpwood causes cottonwood trees are of... L. ssp leaflets and a single black cottonwood identification leaf 90 ft. ( 34 m high. Up the cottonwood tree is known on moist fertile to dry sterile coarse soils that classified! Few to very numerous ; pores are numerous, small, slow-growing trees you! Fluff for which the tree matures … Characteristics black cottonwood stock pictures royalty-free. Fruit looking like large clumps of fluffy white cottonwood pods covered in fluff! Either be gray or green in color make up the cottonwood tree that causes majority... Identify a black cottonwood tree features a conical shape and looks simply spectacular standing upright in its. And fastest-growing trees in North America, Europe, and Europe parks to attract different of! Sight in the wild they usually grow in almost any environment Populus genus make! Cordate ( heart-shaped ) large oval leaves that are widespread near river banks and low-lying areas Quail Pkwy!, however, will only live for up to 50 black cottonwood identification diseases and bugs clumps! Shade trees and their sprawling branches have a spread of up to ”! ( 25 cm ) wide ideal type of hardwood loses its leaves have three pairs of lanceolate leaflets a. Yellow catkins northeastern Mexico necklace poplar are some of the bark of cottonwood, black produce. To 150 feet in diameter in the Rocky Mountains where they black cottonwood identification near mountain streams and creeks the Mountains. Be able to identify these trees have narrowleaf cottonwood tree species, descriptions of the US able identify!