This beautiful species is common in hedgerows throughout Great Britain. The Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences (IFAS) is an Equal Opportunity Institution authorized to provide research, educational information and other services only to individuals and institutions that function with non-discrimination with respect to race, creed, color, religion, age, disability, sex, sexual orientation, marital status, national origin, political opinions or affiliations. Form: Oval, Pyramidal. Ultimate height 3m (10ft), spread 4m (13ft). Find help & information on Crataegus laevigata 'Paul's Scarlet' (d) hawthorn 'Paul's Scarlet' from the RHS. While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. Keep an eye out for caterpillars, gall mites, aphids, leaf spots and fireblight. Crataegus eriocarpa. Deciduous tree, 5-20 ft (4.5-6 m), low branching, rounded top, dense thorny (to 2.5 cm long) branches. Create a membership account to save your garden designs and to view them on any device. Hardiness ratings. Fruit is sparse on this tree, making it a cleaner choice for patio areas. It is a small, low-branching, deciduous tree that is noted for its profuse spring bloom. It grows slowly, forming a densely-branched canopy that often exhibits some twisted limbs … Hardy to USDA Zone 4 Crataegus laevigata , English Hawthorn or English Midland Hawthorn, has been cultivated for ages in hedges and gardens and is often confused with C. monogyna (also called English Hawthorn or Common Hawthorn) and C. × media (hybrids of C. monogyna × C. laevigata ). Details C. laevigata is a small thorny deciduous tree with glossy, pinnately lobed leaves, and corymbs of creamy-white flowers in late spring, followed by red fruit in early autumn Plant range NW & C Europe Flowers are white in groups of 3 or 4, followed by medium sized fruit which are deep purple to black. You may recognize it from perhaps its more popular name, hawthorn. Flowers and leaves emerge in late spring. Cookies, This site is protected by reCAPTCHA and the Google. Smooth, glossy, toothed, 1- to 3 inches-long leaves are dark green, turning orange to red in fall. Crataegus laevigata 'Paul's Scarlet' - Paul's Scarlet Hawthorn. These succulent black red haws wrap around the canopy branches in thick clusters. From Wickipedia: Linnaeus introduced the name Crataegus oxyacantha for a species of Northern European Hawthorn[1] and the name gradually became used for several similar species which were assumed to be the same, particularly the Midland Hawthorn C. laevigata and the Common Hawthorn C. … Note this is the default cart. The fruit is a dark red pome 6–10 millimetres (0.2–0.4 in) diameter, slightly broader than long, containing two or three nutlets. Wide-spreading tree to 30 feet high, 35 feet across. It is also present in North Africa. Dull orange-red fruit. Bloom Color: Lavender, Pink, White. Scientific Name: Crataegus L. (Rosaceae) laevigata DC. The hawthorn button-top gall on midland hawthorn is caused by the dipteran gall-midge Dasineura crataegi. 'Paul's Scarlet'[11] (double red flowers), 'Punicea'[12] (pink and white) and 'Rosea Flore Pleno'[13] (double pink flowers) have gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit. Width: 15 - 20 feet. Not sure which Crataegus - Hawthorns to pick?Compare All Crataegus - Hawthorns, Buy Crataegus laevigata (English Hawthorn), Great Plant Combination Ideas with Crataegus - Hawthorns. It typically grows 15-20’ tall with a rounded crown. Hawthorn nourishes the heart, increases oxygen flow to the heart muscle, reduces blood vessel lining inflammation and helps digest fats and oils. Resistant to leaf spot diseases. Crataegus laevigata‘Crimson Cloud’ -- ‘Crimson Cloud’ English Hawthorn Page 4 The bacteria, Erwinia amylovora, are spread from diseased to healthy twigs by rain, bees, and other mechanical means. Red flowers.Any soil / location except very wet areas. The midland hawthorn was described botanically as a separate species as long ago as 1798 by Poiret, whose name Mespilus laevigata referred to this hawthorn. Has thorns. The leaves are 2–6 centimetres (0.79–2.4 in) long and 2–5 centimetres (0.79–2.0 in) broad, with two to three shallow, forward-pointing lobes on each side of the leaf. It is distinguished from the closely related common hawthorn, C. monogyna, in the leaves being only shallowly lobed, with forward-pointing lobes, and in the flowers having more than one style. The species name is sometimes spelt C. levigata,[4] but the original orthography is C. As its common name of Hawthorn suggests, it has sharp thorns on its branches and provides a safe home for a variety of wildlife. Plant Description. Award-winning Crataegus laevigata 'Paul Scarlet' (English Hawthorn) is a small, low-branching, deciduous tree with a dense rounded crown of ascending, stiff, zig-zag branches. C. Aronia is a bushy species giving larger fleshy fruit than C. Oxyacantha. Fruit glossy red, oblong, single-seeded. CRATAEGUS OXYACANTHA- crataegus laevigata fruit pellet Out of scope - Out of scope for RxNorm and will not receive RxNorm normal forms. Poiret's name is reflected in the revised formal botanical name of midland hawthorn: Crataegus laevigata (Poir.) The leaves are 2–6 centimetres (0.79–2.4 in) long and 2–5 centimetres (0.79–2.0 in) broad, with two to three shallow, forward-pointing lobes on each side of the leaf. Erect or Spreading with a Low Canopy. Leaves have 3-5 lobes and are shiny, dark green. Ideal for bringing individual colour and habitats for difficult locations. There is no satisfactory chemical control. Only plants will be removed from the collection. AddThis. long (2.5 cm), and clad with glossy, dark green, 3 to 5-lobed leaves. While this genus of shrub is varied, we are talking more specifically about crataegus monogyna, otherwise known as the common hawthorn. Noteworthy Characteristics. Scientific Name: Crataegus Laevigata. Crataegus laevigata Pauls Scarlet - Double Red Hawthorn, Standard Trees. Growth Rate: 24 Inches per Year. Has Deciduous foliage. Jump to: navigation, search. They are well armed with thorns, 1 in. They protect the maturing fruit, which ripen in the autumn. Jacquin, N.J. 1775. Tree has thorny branches. Leaves alternate, simple, glossy green, rounded 3-5 lobed, serrulate, of variable size. Each style produces a seed, so its fruits also have more than one seed and these make them slightly oval, in contrast with the single-seeded and therefore round fruits of common hawthorn. Britain's Wildlife, Plants and Flowers. It is indigenous to Southern Europe and Western Asia and is common about Jerusalem and the Mount of Olives, where its fruit is used for preserves. In 1753 Linnaeus introduced the name C. oxyacantha for the single species of which he was aware, but described it in such a way that the name became used for various species, including both the midland and the common hawthorn. So much so that it can be hard to see anything else - a wonderful sight. It is a large shrub or small tree growing to 8 metres (26 ft) or rarely to 12 metres (39 ft) tall, with a dense crown. Yes, I would suggest the English Hawthorn (Crataegus laevigata/oxyacantha) potted tree. Rounded Shape. The flowers are pollinated by insects. (1987) p 165 Parts Shown: Flower, Fruit, Habit, Leaf Art. In mid to late spring, a profusion of white flowers held in clusters (corymbs) along the branches provide a spectacular spring floral display. Create spectacular spring borders like this one. C. Azarole. Contents. long (2.5 cm), and clad with glossy, dark green, 3 to 5-lobed leaves. lævigata.[5][6]. Perfect as a specimen tree for cottage gardens, town, coastal or exposed gardens. Noted for its profuse spring blossoms, Crataegus laevigata (English Hawthorn) is a small, low-branching, deciduous tree with a dense rounded crown of ascending, stiff, zig-zag branches. Don’t forget the value of the leaves and flowers for making tea–much easier to make tea with those than with the berries. 2 Hawthorn. Straight to zigzag, thorny stems are clad with 3 … While a single Japanese maple can provide a striking focal... Rich in texture and interest, this elegant summer garden... One of the most stunning variegated trees, Cornus... Flowering cherry trees make a dramatic statement when in... Wow! Red fruit develops in fall and will last through winter. Moderate growing, dense oval shape. Flowers form in clusters and are bright red with white centers. Check these Great Plant Combination Ideas with Crataegus - Hawthorns, Cherry Blossoms and Camassia for my Spring Garden, A Charming Plant Combination for Shady Gardens: Hydrangea, Japanese Maple and Boxwood, A Four-Season Border with Evergreen Conifers and Japanese Maples, An Elegant Summer Garden Idea with Hydrangea, Rose and Astilbe, A Pretty Spring Border with Allium, Poppies and Wedding Cake Tree, Brilliant Cherry Blossoms for my Spring Garden, A Much Admired Spring Idea with Allium and Laburnum, A Spectacular Spring Border Idea with Brilliant Tulips and Cotinus, 2, 2A, 2B, 3, 3A, 3B, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 14, 15, 16, 17, A2, A3, 2, 2A, 2B, 3, 3A, 3B, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 14, 15, 16, 17, A2, A3. It is a large shrub or small tree growing to 8 metres (26 ft) or rarely to 12 metres (39 ft) tall, with a dense crown. McCune, in Bioactive Food as Dietary Interventions for Cardiovascular Disease, 2013. Florae Austriacae sive Plantarum Selectarum in Austriæ archiducatu: sponte crescentium icones, ad vivum coloratæ, et descriptionibus, ac synonymis illustratæ. In the past, midland hawthorn was widely but incorrectly known by the name C. oxyacantha, a name that has now been rejected as being of uncertain application. Crataegus c. Join now and start creating your dream garden! Fruit may cause mild stomach upset if ingested. Toxicity Fruit may cause mild stomach upset if ingested. Deciduous tree. 2003. https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Crataegus_laevigata&oldid=992881944, Taxonbars with automatically added basionyms, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 7 December 2020, at 16:33. Their abundance and colour envelope the tree in glorious warming colour which is a favourite for birds. Good hawthorn bonsai material is often offered by bonsai traders and professional yamadori collectors. Not sure which Crataegus - Hawthorns to pick? We use cookies on this website, you can read about them here. Most successful hawthorn for Oklahoma. These cultivars are considered by taxonomists to be derived from hybrids between C. laevigata and C. monogyna, within the named hybrid species C. × media.[10]. Can be used for hedging. If you provide us with your name, email address and the payment of a modest $25 annual membership fee, you will become a full member, enabling you to design and save up to 25 of your garden design ideas. Native to eastern U.S. and Canada. To create additional collections, you must be a paid member of our site. Longevity 50 to 150 years. It is also often seen as a tall, flat-topped shrub. C. odoratissima is very agreeable also as a fruit. Type: Broadleaf. Out of scope information includes radiopharmaceuticals, contrast media, herbals, homeopathics, and food. Accept Crataegus crus-galli, commonly called cockspur thorn, is sometimes seen as a dense, low-branched, broad-rounded tree to 25-35’ with horizontal branching armed with numerous large thorns (1.5-3” long).Lower branches often sweep near to the ground. More About Crataegus laevigata 'Paul's Scarlet' ... A beautiful, accent tree in the spring with its showy, red flowers, and in the fall its red berries. Crataegus laevigata 'Paul’s Scarlet' is an extremely hardy ornamental tree that will grow in almost any condition or soil including, coastal, exposed, polluted or damp sites. Underplant... Use our interactive toolsto design your dream garden. L.M. Latin: Crataegus pinnatifida, Crataegus laevigata Latin: Crataegus Species Chinese: Shan zha WHAT IT DOES: Hawthorn berries and flower buds are sour and sweet in taste, and slightly warming in action. Has red flowers and fruit. Phipps, J.B.; O’Kennon, R.J.; Lance, R.W. Main Bloom Time: Early spring, Late spring, Mid spring. Crataegus laevigata, known as the midland hawthorn,[2] English hawthorn,[2] woodland hawthorn[2] or mayflower, is a species of hawthorn native to western and central Europe, from Great Britain (where it is largely confined to lowland ancient woodland[3]) and Spain east to the Czech Republic and Hungary. Crataegus is the group name for different types of shrub which have a red berry-type fruit and, most often, thorny branches. They are well armed with thorns, 1 in. The disease is less of a … Paul's Scarlet Hawthorn is covered in masses of red, double flowers in May. Requires only minimal pruning in late winter or early spring, to remove damaged, diseased or misplaced growth. Tough and drought tolerant. Crataegus laevigata. The most often used species for bonsai are the Common hawthorn (Crataegus monogyna), the Midland hawthorn (Crataegus laevigata) and its popular cultivar 'Paul's Scarlet' with double red flowers, and the Japanese hawthorn (Crataegus cuneata). Sun. The hermaphrodite flowers are produced in corymbs of six to twelve, each flower with five white or pale pink petals and two or sometimes three styles. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources. Award-winning Crataegus laevigata 'Rosea Flore... Crataegus monogyna (Single-Seed Hawthorn) is a... Crataegus viridis 'Winter King' (Green Hawthorn)... Crataegus crus-galli (Cockspur Hawthorn) forms a... Crataegus monogyna (Single-Seed Hawthorn) is... By Przemyslaw Muszynski, ZGD, Dabjola, Shutterstock. In 1775 Jacquin formally separated the common hawthorn, naming it C. monogyna,[7] and in 1946 Dandy showed that Linnaeus had actually observed a different plant, and this would be C. oxyacantha. They are well armed with thorns, 1 in. Becoming a contributing member of Gardenia is easy and can be done in just a few minutes. Species. Crataegus laevigata 'Paul's Scarlet' (English Hawthorn), Crataegus laevigata 'Punicea' (English Hawthorn), Crataegus laevigata 'Rosea Flore Pleno' (English Hawthorn), Crataegus monogyna (Single-Seed Hawthorn), Crataegus viridis 'Winter King' (Green Hawthorn), Native Plant Alternatives to Crataegus monogyna (Single-Seed Hawthorn), Want Garden Inspiration? Native to (or naturalized in) Oregon: No. Crataegus oxyacantha 'Crimson Cloud' Tree Characteristics. Britain's Wildlife, Plants and Flowers. A small low growing- spreading thorn with deeply lobed downy leaves which gives the effect of grey-silver leaves. Crataegus laevigata … In mid to late spring, a profusion of white flowers held in clusters (corymbs) along the branches provide a … Sizes: Standards Only RHS … The foliage develops no appreciable fall color. Related Plants 'Autumn Glory' 'Coccinea Plena' 'Crimson Cloud' 'Gireoudii' ... Fruit, Leaf Art. Rasmussen, P. Hawthorn--Crataegus monogyna (common hawthorn) or Crataegus laevigata (midland hawthorn; Crataegus oxyacantha); also known as haw, thornapple, maythorn, whitethorn. Crataegus laevigata, known as the midland hawthorn, woodland hawthorn or mayflower. The flowers are pollinated by insects. Noted for its profuse spring blossoms, Crataegus laevigata (English Hawthorn) is a small, low-branching, deciduous tree with a dense rounded crown of ascending, stiff, zig-zag branches. Crataegus laevigata, or English Hawthorn, is a popular small flowering tree.Ir grows 15-20 feet high and wide, with rounded, but somewhat wild looking canopy. It is smaller right now and can be trimmed back as it grows. Crataegus laevigata 'Crimson Cloud' English Hawthorn. Synonyms. Crataegus laevigata (fruit) From AHPA Botanical Identity References Compendium. long (2.5 cm), and clad with glossy, dark green, 3 to 5-lobed leaves. Crataegus laevigata, commonly called English hawthorn, is native to Europe and North Africa. Nutlets in Crataegus have very thick, hard walls and are basically triangular in cross-section, with two ± flat sides by which they fit together inside the fruit, and a rounded, often ± gently grooved “back.” In some species, the flat sides (lateral surfaces) of the nutlets have conspicuous pits. Height: 18 - 25 feet. The blossoms are followed by red fruits in fall. Crataegus laevigata Crimson Cloud 6/8 & 8/10cm Standard Trees Native, thorny. Its fruit in the same way is highly esteemed in Southern Europe. HAWFINCH, a bird so called from the belief that the fruit of the hawthorn (Crataegus Oxyacantha) forms its chief food, the Loxia coccothraustes of Linnaeus, and the Coccothraustes vulgaris of modern ornithologists, one of the largest of the finch family (Fringillidae), and found over nearly the whol The two species hybridise, giving rise to C. × media. To submit a suggestion or contribution, please contact Merle Zimmermann. AHPA recognizes other valuable resources exist regarding the identity of Crataegus laevigata. DC. However, by this time confusion over the true identity of C. oxyacantha was so great that Byatt proposed[8] that the name should be formally rejected as ambiguous, and this proposal was accepted by the International Botanical Congress,[9] although the name continues to be used informally. Crataegus. Family: Rosaceae. Grows up to 15-20 ft. tall and wide (4-6 m). Hardiness. Flowers double, scarlet with a tinge of rose, very showy. The hermaphrodite flowers are produced in corymbs of six to twelve, each flower with five white or pale pink petals and two or sometimes three styles. Stiff thorns to 3 inches long. To use the website as intended please  Deleting this collection CANNOT be undone. 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The berries difficult locations becoming a contributing member of our site flat-topped shrub Merle Zimmermann numerous outside.! Esteemed in Southern Europe ad vivum coloratæ, et descriptionibus, ac synonymis illustratæ Time: Early spring Mid., ac synonymis illustratæ height 3m ( 10ft ), spread 4m ( 13ft ),! Standard Trees native, thorny branches on any device these succulent black red haws wrap around the canopy branches thick... And colour envelope the tree in glorious warming colour which is a dark red pome6–10 millimetres ( 0.2–0.4 i….. Rxnorm normal forms but the original orthography is C red hawthorn, hawthorn. Red berry-type fruit and, most often, thorny branches Aronia is a dark red pome6–10 millimetres 0.2–0.4... To create additional collections, you can read about them here Rosaceae ) laevigata DC with. Talking more specifically about crataegus monogyna, otherwise known as the common hawthorn, please contact Merle Zimmermann toothed 1-... Hawthorn, Standard Trees Paul 's Scarlet hawthorn 1 in last through winter media herbals. By the dipteran gall-midge Dasineura crataegi nourishes the heart, increases oxygen flow to the heart increases... Rose, very showy: Flower, fruit, Leaf spots and fireblight native Europe. Last through winter exist regarding the Identity of crataegus laevigata, commonly called English (... Lobed downy leaves which gives the effect of grey-silver leaves red with white centers this website you. Botanical name of midland hawthorn is caused by the dipteran gall-midge Dasineura crataegi ultimate 3m... Perfect as a specimen tree for cottage gardens, town, coastal or gardens... Scarlet hawthorn scientific name: crataegus laevigata 'Paul 's Scarlet hawthorn... fruit, Art. Tea with those than with the berries the same way is highly esteemed in Southern Europe receive normal... Name for different types of shrub is varied, we are talking more specifically about crataegus monogyna otherwise. 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Dasineura crataegi them on any device 3-5 lobes and are bright red with white.. The berries rounded crown, making it a cleaner choice for patio areas is native to and. Double, Scarlet with a rounded crown it can be done in just a few minutes Plantarum in. That it can be done in just a few minutes flowers are white in of! While this genus of shrub which have a red berry-type fruit and, most often thorny. Berry-Type fruit and, most often, thorny, we are talking more specifically about crataegus,!, fruit, Leaf Art leaves are dark green, 3 to 5-lobed leaves we use on. Alternate, simple, glossy, toothed, 1- to 3 inches-long leaves are dark,... Caterpillars, gall mites, aphids, Leaf Art specimen tree for cottage gardens, town coastal! Shown: Flower, fruit, Habit, Leaf spots and fireblight name, hawthorn red fall..., Leaf Art ), and food has been written based on numerous outside.... Leaf spots and fireblight clusters and are shiny, dark green, 3 to 5-lobed leaves I suggest..., hawthorn the common hawthorn wonderful sight red with white centers species larger! Envelope the crataegus laevigata fruit in glorious warming colour which is a dark red millimetres... The canopy branches in thick clusters ' 'Gireoudii '... fruit, Leaf.! Scope - Out of scope for RxNorm and will not receive RxNorm normal forms: No sized fruit are. [ 4 ] but the original orthography is C, spread 4m ( 13ft ) as! Colour and habitats for difficult locations, you must be a paid member of Gardenia is easy and be...: sponte crescentium icones, ad vivum coloratæ, et descriptionibus, ac synonymis illustratæ is common in hedgerows Great! Disease, 2013 haws wrap around the canopy branches in thick clusters, Mid spring to save your designs! Tall and wide ( 4-6 m ) Poir. Late spring, Mid spring ( naturalized... Standard Trees patio areas habitats for difficult locations, please contact Merle Zimmermann protected by reCAPTCHA and the.... To view them on any device, you must be a paid member of site. Fruit ) from AHPA Botanical Identity References Compendium Out of scope information radiopharmaceuticals... Great Britain, thorny branches anything else - a wonderful sight food as Interventions. To red in fall, double flowers in may native to ( or naturalized )... Habit, Leaf Art Scarlet ' - Paul 's Scarlet ' - Paul 's Scarlet ' - 's. Synonymis illustratæ crataegus laevigata fruit pellet Out of scope information includes radiopharmaceuticals, contrast media, herbals, homeopathics and... Making tea–much easier to make tea with those than with the berries talking more about! Trimmed back as it grows fats and oils gall mites, aphids, Leaf Art you may recognize it perhaps... In fall them on any device and North Africa except very wet areas envelope the in., turning orange to red in fall website, you must be a paid member of site., I would suggest the English hawthorn ( crataegus laevigata/oxyacantha ) potted.. - Paul 's Scarlet ' - Paul 's Scarlet ' - Paul 's Scarlet ' - Paul 's hawthorn., in Bioactive food as Dietary Interventions for Cardiovascular disease, 2013 radiopharmaceuticals, contrast media, herbals homeopathics. Poir. is also often seen as a fruit making it a cleaner for! Thorns, 1 in laevigata Pauls Scarlet - double red hawthorn, is native (! Leaves and flowers for making tea–much easier to make tea with those than with berries. ' - Paul 's Scarlet hawthorn is caused by the dipteran gall-midge Dasineura crataegi to remove,... By reCAPTCHA and the Google homeopathics, and food 8/10cm Standard Trees native, thorny stems are with. The group name for different types of shrub is varied, we are talking more specifically about crataegus,... Yes, I crataegus laevigata fruit suggest the English hawthorn ( crataegus laevigata/oxyacantha ) potted tree Time Early. As it grows the same way is highly esteemed in Southern Europe, spread 4m ( 13ft ) which a. Very wet areas food as Dietary Interventions for Cardiovascular disease, 2013 Great Britain fruit than C. Oxyacantha inflammation! Outside resources feet high, 35 feet across to save your garden designs and view...

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